November 27, 2020
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16 Mata 1994:Amateka ababaje y’iyicwa ry’Abatutsi muri Jenoside i Rukumberi na Rwamagana

Rukumberi ni imwe muri Segiteri zari zigize Komine Sake muri perefegitura ya Kibungo ukaba umurenge ukikijwe n’ibiyaga bya Mugesera na Sake n’umugezi w’Akagera byatumye byorohera Interahamwe kwica Abatutsi basaga 35.000 bari bahatuye, Inkotanyi zirokora gusa abagera kuri 700 harimo abakomeretse cyane.

I Rukumberi kwica Abatutsi byatangiye tariki ya 7/4/1994 mu gitondo muri selire ya Ntovi. Kubera ubwinshi bw’Abatutsi bari bahatuye babanje kwihagararaho.

Interahamwe n’abapolisi ba komini barimo uwitwaga Butoyi, Ignace na Uwimana bari bitwaje imbunda ariko ntibashoboye kuzicisha Abatutsi benshi kuri uwo munsi.

Bishe ingo ebyiri z’abarimu, urwa Nyiramuroli Elisabeth n’urwa Ntaganda Celestin wari diregiteri w’ikigo cy’amashuri abanza cya Rwintashya.

Ku itariki ya 8/4/1944, interahamwe zaturutse kuri Komini Sake zifite ibikoresho gakondo, abapolisi ba komini sake bayobowe na bourgmestre Ernest Rutayisire, Depite Mutabaruka Sylvain bahuriye na Birindabagabo Jean Paul wari wazanye abasilikare mu modoka ye bikusanyiriza ku rusengero rwa ADEPR ruri mu Rwintashya mu Murenge wa Rukumberi ahari hahungiyemo Abatutsi biganjemo abayoboke ba ADPER.

Muri urwo rusengero bari binjiyemo birundanyije basengeshwa n’umupasiteri w’Umututsi witwaga Yaramba, abicanyi babomoye urugi maze Birindabagabo wari n’umuyoboke w’iryo dini ari na ho yasengeraga afata imbunda atangiza ubwo bwicanyi arasira pasteur Yaramba imbere ku ruhimbi.

Abatutsi batangiye guterwamo ama grenades ari na ko abageragezaga kwiruka batemwaga n’interahamwe nyinshi zari zarugose. Icyo gitero cyaguyemo abatutsi barenga 1800.

Ahashyinguye imibiri y’Abatutsi bazize Jenoside i Rukumberi

Ku itariki ya 10/4/1994, Bourgmestre wa komini Sake Ernest Rutayisire, Depite Mutabaruka Sylvain na Birindabagabo Jean Paul nk’uko bakomeje kuyobora ubwicanyi muri Rukumberi bongeye kugaba igitero kinini muri serile ya Ntovi.

Icyo gitero banakizanyemo impunzi z’abarundi zari mu nkambi yari kuri Komini Sake, bishe Abatutsi benshi haba abicirwaga mu masaha ndetse n’ahandi hose bihishaga ariko by’umwihariko icyo gitero cyageze mu rugo rw’uwitwa Ruhumuriza kihicira Abatutsi benshi bari bahahungiye biganjemo abagore n’abandi b’intege nkeya batashoboraga kwiruka.

Urwo rugo rwonyine rwiciwemo Abatutsi barenga 200 biganjemo igitsina gore.

Ku itariki 11/4/1994, Mutabaruka, Rutayisire na Birindabagaho bagiye ku kigo cya gisirikare cya Kibungo gusaba abasilikare bo gutera Rukumberi kuko bavugaga ngo abatutsi baho bivanze n’inyenzi ngo none bananiranye.

Bahawe bus zigera kuri enye zuzuye abasikare n’ibikoresho byinshi nk’abagiye ku rugamba, nibwo Rukumberi Abatutsi baho barashishijwe imbunda nini zinashingwa hasi zifite ndetse n’izisenya amazu kuko hari nk’izarasaga amazu agashya.

Kuri iyo tariki ya 11/4/1994 nibwo igitero cyageze kuri chapelle y’umugabo wari umwarimu witwaga Gasarasi Osée yarimo Abatutsi bari bahahungiye basenga, babatsindamo baranayitwika. Icyo gitero cyo kuri iyo chapelle hanagaragayemo uwitwa Twahirwa François uvuka i Rukumberi wari umuyobozi mukuru muri Minisiteri y’abakozi wari wagiye kugenzura uko ubwicanyi burimo bukorwa.

Ku itariki 16/4/1944, Abatutsi muri Rukumberi bari banegekajwe n’ibitero bitasibaga umunsi n’umwe, icyabaye uyu munsi cyari icyo gukubura nk’uko Depite Mutabaruka yaje kubyigamba. kuri iyi tariki ikiyaga cya Mugesera gihuza Sake, Mugesera na Bicumbi cyari cyuzuye amato yambutsaga interahamwe zivuye Mugesera, izivuye muri Komini Bicumbi ngo zijye gutera ingabo mu bitugu izarimo kurimbura Rukumberi, abambutse mu mazi bahereye mu bifunzo bavumbura abihishemo barazamuka bahura n’abimusozi bahigaga mu masaka bica Abatutsi batagira ingano.

Uwo munsi niwo Abatutsi benshi babuze uko babigenza benshi bahitamo kwiyahura mu mazi ndetse n’ibyitwa intoro biba hagati mu rufunzo banga kwicwa nabi bashinyaguriwe.  Kuri iyo tariki kandi Abatutsi biganjemo abagore, abana n’abasaza bari bateraniye mu rugo rw’Umututsi witwa Mushoza, igitero kiyobowe na Depite Mutabaruka n’abasirikare cyarahateye kica abari barimo hafi ya bose kuko ku mbuga y’urugo ndetse no mu nzu hari harunze imirambo myinshi y’abagore babaga banacujwe imyenda n’abandi bagore b’abahutukazi bagendaga mu bitero basahura ndetse bacuza imirambo y’abagore bagenzi babo batwara ibitenge n’indi myenda babaga bambaye.

Nyuma y’icyo gitero, Depite Mutabaruka Sylvain yateye intebe mu muhanda atumaho inzoga aranywa yishimira ko ngo Rukumberi ayirangije. Iyi tariki yonyine ugereranyije mu Murenge wa Rukumberi haba harishwe Abatutsi barenga ibihumbi 10.000.

Mu minsi yakuriye hakomeje kujya haza ibitero byica Abatutsi bari babashije kurokoka, ari nabwo batangiye kujya bakora icyo bise ngo ni uguhera ruhande, aho bazengurukaga imirima y’amasaka bafite imihoro ku buryo hagati y’umuntu n’undi nta mwanya ucamo bakagenda batema kugira ngo hatazagira na hamwe Umututsi yihisha.

I Rukumberi Abatutsi bagiye bagabwaho ibitero bitandukanyenye, bagiye bicirwa mu mazu nk’ahitwa kwa Cyabatende Mariyana, kwa Nyagasaza ndetse n’ahandi hatandukanye babaga biganjemo ab’intege nkeya batashoboye kwiruka, abagore, abana, abatemwe babaga batapfuye bagashyirwa mu mazu yabaga yasigaye atarasenywa.

Batemye amasaka, batema intoki Abatutsi bihishagamo, iyo ingabo za FPR-Inkotanyi zitahagera ku itariki ya 5/5/1944 zari gusanga nta Mututsi usigaye i Rukumberi kuko bamaze gutema izo ntoki n’amasaka bari bafashe gahunda yo gutwika n’urufunzo Inkotanyi zibatesha batararutwika.

Bamwe muri ba ruharwa barimbuye Rukumberi ni aba bakurikira:Assistant Bourgumestre Albert yavukaga Jarama muri Sake, Bizimana Andre wari Inspecteur, Butoyi wari umupolisi, Dorisi, Shoferi wa Ambulance ya Centre de Sante ya Rukoma, Gapfizi wari umucuruzi, Gasirabo Twaha wari umucuruzi afite n’imodoka yatwaraga Interahamwe aho zijya kwica hose.

Harimo kandi Habimana Edward wari umwalimu, Habyalimana wari responsable wa serire Mugwato, Hadigi wari umusilikare: Ntiyigeze afatwa aba muri Kimisagara-Nyabugogo, Harerimana Ezechiel wari Umwarimu, Hategekimana Gaspard wari umucuruzi i Rubona ku isoko, Ignace wari Brigadier wa Komine Sake, Isidoli: Shoferi wa Komini Sake, Kagorora wari umucuruzi , Kamanzi Stanislas wari umwalimu, Kampayana Cyprien wari Konseye wa Sigiteri Sholi. Uyu ni we wasigariragaho Burugumesitiri mu gihe adahari, Rusatsi wari Umwarimu, Karegeya Augustin wari Perezida w’interahamwe muri Komini Sake ubu aba muri USA, hari n’umuntu uvuka Sake witwa Semuhungu wamubonye utuye muri USA, aho aba arahazi, Kiruguya: umurundi wayoboraga inkambi, Mabeyi Umuhungu wa Rulinda, Misago: wari vice president w’interahamwe muri Komini Sake aba muri Malawi, Mugabushaka Innocent wari Percepteur wa Komine Sake, Munyankwiro wari Reserviste Mungabo, Ngendahimana Jeremiah wari Responsable w’Ikigo cy’amashuri cya Rwintashya, Nizeyimana Augustin wari umucuruzi nimodoka ye yatwaraga Interahamwe mu bitero: aba Malawi, Nkezabera wari umucuruzi, Nzabagumira wari umucuruzi, Rurinda wari responsable wa Serile Rukongi, Rutuku wayoboraga ibitero biturutse muri Bicumbi biciye mu Kiyaga cya Mugesera, Rwabuzisoni Ladislas, inama zaberaga iwe, Rwasibo wari umucuruzi, Shirimpaka wari umucuruzi Gafunzo, Turatsinze: Shoferi wa Nizeyimana, Umugore witwaga Mariyamu, Uwimana wari umupolosi wa Komini, Yeremiya wari Mwalimu. Yatorotse Inkiko Gacaca.

Iyicwa ry’Abatutsi muri Rwamagana

Kwa Konseye TURATSINZE Francois wa Kigabiro/Rwamagana, hiciwe Abatutsi benshi bari bahahungiye yabijeje umutekano. Banahiciye abana bato benshi bamburwaga ba nyina bakabajugunya mu musarani ari bazima bafatanije na Burugumetre Bizimana Jean Baptiste wa Komini Rutonde. Mu bitaro bya Rwamagana, hiciwemo Abatutsi bari barwariyemo, abandi ari abarwaza n’abari bahahungiye baturutse mu Mujyi wa Rwamagana.

Muri Groupe Scolaire St Aloys, hiciwemo Abatutsi bari bahahungiye baturutse mu Mujyi wa Rwamagana na za Nyarusange, Gishali na Mwurire bahazaga bahunga abicanyi bo mu bice bari baturutsemo. Mu bari ku isonga y’ubwo bwicanyi harimo NKUNDABAKURU alias Nkunda, Karorishoti wari Konseye wa Rwikubo, Munyambo n’abajandarume baturukaga  mu kigo cya jandarumori cya Rwamagana.

Ku Kiyaga cya Muhazi mu Murenge wa Muhazi/Rwamagana, naho hiciwe Abatutsi bagera ku bihumbi 3,000. Interahamwe zabambitse ubusa, bagenda babakubita babatema ibitsi by’amaguru kugeza babajugunye mu kiyaga cya Muhazi.

Ababyeyi bahekeshejwe abana babo bakabarohana muri Muhazi kandi babizi ko batazi koga bagahita bapfa. Harimo n’abo baziritseho amabuye kugirango bahite bamanuka hasi cyane mu mazi ntibazigere bazamuka hejuru n’ubwo babaga bishwe.

Abahungiye ku Musozi wo mu Bitare bya Rutonde  bahanganye n’interahamwe kuva ku wa 12,13,14,15,  kuko  bari bahahuriye ari benshi baturutse ahatandukanye  baza kuneshwa  ku wa 16/04/1994 barabica harokoka mbarwa. Interahamwe zari ku isonga ni umupolisi witwa Mugwaneza, Habiyakare, Ruhatana, Sibomana, Rusatsi, Ntihabose, Mudaheranwa, n’abandi.

Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi yarateguwe ishyirwa mu bikoa Leta. Kubona guhera tariki ya 7 mata 1994 mu gitondo, abatutsi bicwa icyarimwe ahantu hantandukanye mu gihugu hose byerekana ku buryo budashidikanywaho ko ari umugambi wari warateguwe na Leta.

 

By Dr Bizimana Jean Damascene/IGIRE.RW

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